These policy briefs available on Issuu have been developed to bring together learning from across the shiree consortium with clear evidence-based recommendations for improving the policy environment for the extreme poor in Bangladesh and globally. They are intended to stimulate discussion and action from relevant actors such as government, NGOs, and donors.
Summary: An overview of the main bilateral, multilateral and INGO policies currently targeting extreme poverty, with a particular focus on South Asia and Bangladesh. It begins by briefly discussing the different ways in which these organisations define extreme poverty and subsequently analyses specific approaches and strategies being employed to tackle the problem.
Summary: Despite unprecedented growth, nearly 8 million people in the urban areas of Bangladesh are still living without basic services such as healthcare, water and sanitation facilites. Unplanned urbanisation and rapid population growth are resulting in the increasing masses of urban extreme poor with low income, limited employment opportunities, unsafe shelter, low caloric intake, and no power to participate in decision making process. With the continued decline of living conditions of the extreme poor, vulnerable groups such as female-headed households, disabled, elderly, and minority groups are disproportionately affected.
Summary: Reviews shiree experience with different approaches to targeting the extreme poor, as well as the implications of these best practices for other livelihood and social protection programmes.
Summary: Over 25 million people are prisoners of extreme poverty in Bangladesh. These people survive despite seriously challenging conditions, trying to make the most of what little resources or relationships they can draw from. They are illiterate, marginalised and for the most part, overlooked. But this is not an insurmountable problem. Many countries have overcome extreme (and moderate) poverty. We too can help our poorest citizens achieve freedom. If we are passionate, committed and strategic, together we can eradicate extreme poverty by 2015.
Summary: The extreme poor people of Bangladesh suffer because of an inefficient system of khasland distribution which deprives them of access to resources that have been committed to them. Shahidul Islam, Director of Uttaran says, “Bangladesh has 3.3 million acres of Khasland and 6-7 million landless households. It is possible to give each landless household 0.50 acres of khasland with which to generate an income and climb out of poverty.” If all of Bangladesh’s khasland is quickly distributed to the extreme poor and if they are supported to make productive use of this land, signifi cant steps towards MDG 1, i.e. – the eradication of extreme poverty can be made. The current land policies are fairly adequate and may not require extensive reform, however the process of applying and attaining the land needs systematic improvement.
Summary: the experience of EEP suggests that land is an increasingly important asset to the extreme poor, as it enables them to diversify their income sources, and gives them security from eviction. EEP’s partner NGOs have done an admirable job in assisting extreme poor households to obtain khas land. This policy brief written by the EEP research team builds on the 2011 findings, and uses more data from field research to highlight further challenges that the extreme poor face towards getting access to land, and the important role that NGOs can play in this process.
Summary: whilst the results from EEP have been very successful, there are still some households that have found it very difficult to graduate from extreme poverty. Some of the common factors behind this have been investigated by EEP. This policy brief sets out these key factors, and sets out actions required by government and other actors in future programming to ensure that households with no economic potential are included in social protection programmes, and that other households can be given the correct support, systems and behaviours to help them progress out of extreme poverty.
Regional Policy Briefs (2016)
In 2016, EEP commissioned Unnayan Shammanay to deliver regional advocacy workshops, and prepare Policy Briefs to help influence regional government policy. The aim of this was to augment EEP’s efforts to influence national policy, and identify opportunities for synergy. Four regional Briefs were prepared: