The Extreme Poverty Research Group (EPRG) was formed in September 2010 with the objective of developing and disseminating knowledge about the nature of extreme poverty and the effectiveness of measures to address it. Meetings are held quarterly. The first meeting of the EPRG took place in October 2010. The TORs have since been amended and the second meeting of the EPRG took place in January 2011 in which Dr Munir, Director of Hunger and Health at Save the Children UK, took the position of Chair for 2011. Here, findings on defining and targeting the extreme poor were shared, and NGO research ideas (Phase 1) endorsed.
Since then, the EPRG has continued to meet quarterly. On February 26, 2012, the sixth EPRG was held and welcomed a high level of participation from shiree Scale and Innovation-Fund partners, DFID, and other DFID-funded extreme poverty programmes including BRAC and UPPR (in total 47 participants).
The morning started with Lucia Da Corta presenting shiree’s CMS 5 tracking studies, the methodology behind them and the value they hold in understanding processes of graduation from extreme poverty. Four Research Officer from Scale Fund projects then presented a case study from each of their life histories. Questions were held before the EPRG broke for tea. The second part of the morning, Kishore Singh presented extreme urban poverty indicators, exploring the comparison between urban and rural extreme poverty and differences in the struggles the extreme urban poor have to face. His presentation was followed by Khaleda Khanome from BRAC who presented her findings from BRAC’s Gender Quality Action Learning programme and its impact on intergenerational poverty. A fifth session was planned to review the EPRG ToR, but it was cut short due to time constraints and will therefore be incorporated into the next EPRG.
EPRG 6 Materials
Using Life Histories and Intervention Tracking to Learn Lessons on Processes of Extreme Poverty Formation and on Sustainable Graduation from Extreme Poverty Following Shiree Interventions - by Lucia Da Corta, University of Bath
CMS 5 looks at the descent into poverty and reflects on the interventions methods employed as well as early findings on processes of graduation. It identifies categories of extreme poverty and graduated households. CMS uses focus group discussions in each of hte six scale fund regions, using a broad set of material, relational and subjective indicators. The major challenges identified by CMS 5 as preventing graduation are reoccurring themes: natural disasters, economic instability, illness, evictions, theft, health vulnerabilities, etc. However, these are all areas that advocacy can play a role in. An overall challenge will be targeting the ‘higher fruit’, such as the disabled and elderly.
Insights on Graduation from the Scale Fund NGOs – by Research Officers: Abdul Baten (DSK), Prokriti Nokrek (Save the Children), Zakir Hossain (NETZ), Saifudin Ahmed (CARE)
Four Research Officers presented case studies highlighting intervention impact and the barriers the extreme poor face in graduating from poverty.
Extreme Urban Poverty: Characteristics, Issues and Indicators – by Kishore Singh, UPPR-UNDP
Kishore Singh presented UPPR’s experience working with the extreme poor in an urban context. He agreed that economic criteria is not enough to understand poverty, rather vulnerability is essential in understanding extreme poverty characteristics, specifically spatial vulnerability, social vulnerability and professional vulnerability. His presentation looked at key issues impacting the urban extreme poor and graduation indicators that would need to be integrated into intervention frameworks.
GQAL and its Impact on Gender Relations: the BRAC Experience – by Khaleda Khanome, BRAC
Khaleda Khanome presented BRAC’s Gender Quality Action Learning (GQAL) programme, highlighting its impact on intergenerational poverty. GQAL started in 1995 with the aim of improving BRAC’s male-female staff relations. It has now expanded to a national gender awareness-raising programme aimed to generate commitment to improving gender relations and enhancing gender equality.
EPRG 6 February Report (2012)
This document is a collection of the discussions and which took place in the EPRG 6. The concept of the EPRG will continue to be developed, with the next session planned for May.
Contact person: Kira Galbraith, Associate Programmes and Advocacy Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org